This selection provides diversity for a prairie garden of approximately 100-125 square feet, with several of each species planted as a group. The garden should be in a location that receives at least six to eight hours of sun with average moisture.

These plants provide for a continuity of bloom, diverse heights, color, and form. There will be a variety of plant-insect interactions. ┬áThe grasses selected are short grasses – a better choice for home gardens.

This list is not meant to be exhaustive. There are many other species that would be appropriate in a mesic prairie garden, but this selection constitutes a good starting place.

Genus/Species
(Latin name)
Genus/Species (Common name) Ht Color Bloom Time Spacing
Forbs
Agastache foeniculum Anise Hyssop 3′ Purple June – July – Aug – Sept 18-24″
Allium cernuum Nodding Onion 18″ Purple July – Aug 4-8″
Anemone canadensis Canada Anemone 1′ White May – June 6-12″
Asclepias tuberosa* Butterfly Weed 2′ Orange June – July – Aug 1-3′
Asclepias verticillata* Whorled Milkweed 1-2′ White July – Aug – Sept 1′
Aster laevis Smooth Blue Aster 4′ Blue Aug – Sept – Oct 18-24″
Aster novae-angliae New England Aster 5′ Purple Aug – Sept – Oct 2-3′
Baptisia alba White Wild Indigo 4′ White June – July 3-4′
Baptisia australis Blue Wild Indigo 4′ Blue June – July 2-3′
Coreopsis palmata Prairie Coreopsis 4′ Yellow June – July – Aug 1′
Dodecatheon meadia Shooting Star 1′ Pink April – May – June 1′
Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower 3′ Purple July – Aug – Sept – Oct 10-18″
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower 4′ Purple July – Aug – Sept 18-24″
Gentiana andrewsii Bottle Gentian 2′ Blue Aug – Sept – Oct 1-2′
Geum triflorum Priaire Smoke .25-.5″ Pink May – June 6″
Heliopsis helianthoides Early Sunflower 5′ Yellow June – July – Aug – Sept 18-36″
Heuchera richardsonii Prairie Alumroot 3′ Green May – June – July 8-12″
Liatris pycnostachya** Prairie Blazing Star 4′ Purple July – Aug – Sept 6-12″
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia 3′ Blue July – Aug – Sept – Oct 12-18″
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot 4′ Purple July – Aug – Sept 2-3′
Parthenium interifolium Wild Quinine 4′ White June – July – Aug – Sept 1-2′
Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue 3′ White June – July 12-18″
Phlox pilosa Prairie Phlox 2′ Pink May – June – July 10-12″
Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower 5′ Yellow July – Aug – Sept 18-24″
Rudbeckia fulgida Orange Coneflower 3′ Orange July – Aug – Sept 1-2′
Rudbeckia subtomentosa Sweet Black-Eyed Susan 5′ Yellow Aug – Sept – Oct 2-3′
Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod 4′ Yellow Aug – Sept – Oct 1-2′
Solidato speciosa Showy Goldenrod 5′ Yellow Aug – Sept – Oct 2-3′
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort 3′ Blue May – June – July 12-18″
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver’s Root 5′ White June – July – Aug 18″
Zizia aurrea Golden Alexanders 3′ Yellow April – May – June 1-2′

* Good for mesic to dry sites. For mesic to wet sites, use Asclepias incarnata (Rose/Swamp Milkweed)
** Good for mesic to wet sites. For mesic to dry sites, use Liatris aspera (Button Blazing Star)

Genus/Species
(Latin name)
Genus/Species (Common name) Ht Color Bloom Time Spacing
Grasses
Bouteloua curtipendula Side-oats Grama 2′ Aug-Sept 1′
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem 3′ July – Aug – Sept – Oct 2-3′
Sporobolous heterolepis Prairie Dropseed 3′ Aug – Sept – Oct 2-3′